SIMPLE COMPARISON

See the animation below to get the idea of how simple things are

 

When we want to say that someone is FAST (not FASTER), we need to use /hěn/ to stop the verb from a comparing form

That means that when we want to compare, we can’t use /hěn/

 

EXAMPLES

 

That is better!
那个 好!
Nàge hǎo!
Chinese people are more.
中国人 多。
<Zhōngguórén duō.>
This is cheaper.
这 个 便宜。
Zhège piányi.

 

USING THE PREPOSION 比

To compare two things, we use the preposition  /bǐ/

EXAMPLES

 

Japanese tea is better than Chinese tea.
日本茶 比 中国茶 好喝。
<Rìběn chá bǐ Zhōngguó chá hǎohē.>
Tea is more expensive than beer.
茶 比 啤酒 贵。
<Chá bǐ píjiǔ guì.>
China is smaller than Europe.
中国 比 欧洲 小。
Zhōngguó bǐ Ōuzhōu xiǎo.
This is nicer that that.
这个 比 那个 漂亮。
Zhège bǐ nàge piàoliang.
Chinese tea is both better and cheaper compared to Japanese tea.
中国茶 比 日本茶 又 好喝 又 便宜。
Zhōngguó chá bǐ Rìběn chá yòu hǎohē yòu piányì.
Japanese tea is better than Chinese.
日本茶 比 中国茶 好喝。
<Rìběn chá bǐ Zhōngguó chá hǎohē.>

 

SPECIFYING THE DIFFERENCE

FIRST we compare and THEN we SPECIFY THE DIFFERENCE 

 

EXAMPLES

I've bought her a very expensive present.
我 给 她 买 了 很 贵 的 礼物。
<Wǒ gěi tā mǎile hěn guì de lǐwù.>
Dali is 10 years older than Xiaoli.
大李 比 小李 大 十岁。
Dàlí bǐ Xiǎolí dà shí suì.
He is 5 years older than me.
他 比 我 大 五 岁。
<Tā bǐ wǒ dà wǔ suì.>
This is 20kuai more expensive than that.
这个 比 那个 贵 20 块。
<Zhège bǐ nàge guì 20 kuài.>
This is 100 more expensive than that.
这个 比 那个 贵 一百 块。
Zhège bǐ nàge guì yībǎi kuài.