Good and Better – bi

 

The easiest way to compare is by NOT USING  <hěn> with adjective-verbs, because the function of  <hěn> is TO STOP adjective-verbs from comparing (as you know from the the section “to be”)

 

中国人很多       

<Zhōngguórén hěnduō.>   

Chinese-people (to be) many.

CHINESE PEOPLE ARE MANY. 

 

中国人多。        

<Zhōngguórén duō.>   

Chinese-people (to be) more.

CHINESE PEOPLE ARE MORE.

 

When we want to say that something is better/worse/bigger/longer THAN something else…

we use the preposition  <bǐ>

 

中国日本大。         

<Zhōngguó  Rìběn .> 

China compared to Japan (to be) bigger. 

CHINA IS BIGGER THAN JAPAN.

 

日本茶中国茶好喝。         

<Rìběn chá  Zhōngguó chá hǎohē.>

Japanese tea compared to chinese tea (to be) better to drink.

JAPANESE TEA IS BETTER THAN CHINESE.

FIRST we compare and THEN ADD the “degree of comparison”

 

这个比那个贵20块。           

<Zhège bǐ nàge guì 20 kuài.>

This compared to that (to be) more expensive 20 kuai.  

THIS IS 20KUAI MORE EXPENSIVE THAN THAT. 

 

他比我大五岁。           

<Tā bǐ wǒ dà wǔ suì.>

He compared to me (to be) bigger 5 years.

HE IS 5 YEARS OLDER THAN ME.

 

part of the section