What is a verb attribute – verb complement? Using a verb complement we extend the verb by further characteristic. See:
- He runs quickly.
- She speaks Chinese very well.
- She cooks delicious.
The same way as with the name attribute, here we also need a glue, that sticks the complement and the verb together…
When sticking the complement together with a verb we need to distinguish what type of a verb it is…
1. verbs without an object – we put the complement simply behind…
<Nǐ shuō de hěn duì.>
You to say de right.
YOU ARE RIGHT.
<Tā gōngzuò de hěn kuài.>
He to work de fast.
HE WORKS QUICKLY.
<Duìbùqǐ, wǒ lái de wǎn.>
I to come de late.
SORRY THAT I’M (COMING) LATE.
2. verbs with an object
看书 <kànshū> [to look (in) a book] TO READ
做饭 <zuò fàn> [to make food] – TO COOK
Here we need keep in mind, that 得 <de> connects a complement and a verb, not a complement and an object of a verb.
Because 得 <de> doesn´t stick to the object, we need to repeat the verb once more and stick the complement to it:
<Tā shuō Zhōngwén shuō de hěn màn.>
She to speak Chinese to speak de slowly.
SHE SPEAKS CHINESE SLOWLY.
<Tā kāi chē kāi de hěn kuài.>
He to ride a car to ride de fast.
HE RIDES FAST.
<Tā zuò fàn zuò de hěn hǎochī.>
She to make food to make de delicious.
SHE COOKS WELL.