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COMPLEMENT

_THIS IS A TESTING BETA VERSION OF THE SITE_

When you are saying that someone speaks Mandarin WELL, that someone drives FAST etc., you are using a verb complement

In Mandarin we put the complement behind the verb and connect it with 得 /de/

See the phrase: 你 说 很 对 /Nǐ shuō de hěn duì/ YOU ARE SAYING IT CORRECTLY – YOU ARE RIGHT

BASIC EXAMPLES

I went (there) late.
我 去 得 晚。
<Wǒ qù de wǎn.>
Sorry that I'm (coming) late.
对不起,我 来 得 晚。
<Duìbùqǐ, wǒ lái de wǎn.>
You are coming too early.
你 来 得 太 早。
<Nǐ lái de tài zǎo.>
Please say it in a slightly simpler way.
请 说 得 简单 一点。
Qǐng shuō de jiǎndān yīdiǎn.
I spent the New Year's Eve well.
我 新年 过 得 很 开心。
Wǒ xīnnián guò de hěn kāixīn.
My mother got seriously ill, I have to take care of her.
我 妈妈 病 得 很 重,我 必须 照顾 她。
Wǒ māma bìng dé hěn zhòng, wǒ bìxū zhàogù tā.

When there is an OBJECT (like the word CHINESE in the sentence YOU SPEAK CHINESE WELL) the construction goes like this: SUBJECT – (VERB) – OBJECT – VERB –  得 – COMPLEMENT

First verb can be omitted

See the phrase: 中文 很好 /Nǐ shuō Zhōngwén shuō de hěn hǎo/ YOU SPEAK CHINESE WELL

EXAMPLES WITH OBJECT

“He has grown very slim.”
他 长 得 很 瘦。
Tā zhǎng de hěn shòu.
He speaks Chinese well.
他 说 汉语 说 得 很 好。
<Tā shuō hànyǔ shuō de hěn hǎo.>
She speaks Chinese slowly.
她 说 中文 说 得 很 慢。
<Tā shuō Zhōngwén shuō de hěn màn.>
She cooks well.
她 做 饭 做 得 很 好吃。
<Tā zuò fàn zuò de hěn hǎochī.>
How did you spend your birthday?
你 生日 过 得 怎么样?
<Nǐ shēngrì guò de zěnme yàng?>
I spent my birthday happily.
我 生日 过 得 很 开心。
Wǒ shēngrì guo de hěn kāixīn.
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