COMPLEMENT

_THIS IS A TESTING BETA VERSION OF THE SITE_

When you are saying that someone speaks Mandarin WELL, that someone drives FAST etc., you are using a verb complement

In Mandarin we put the complement behind the verb and connect it with 得 /de/

See the phrase: 你 说 很 对 /Nǐ shuō de hěn duì/ YOU ARE SAYING IT CORRECTLY – YOU ARE RIGHT

BASIC EXAMPLES

I had a good rest.
我 休息 得 很好。
<Wǒ xiūxi de hěn hǎo.>
I didn't get drunk because I didn't drink too much.
我 没有 喝 醉,因为 我 喝 得 不 多。
Wǒ méiyǒu hē zuì, yīnwèi wǒ hē de bù duō.
My mother got seriously ill, I have to take care of her.
我 妈妈 病 得 很 重,我 必须 照顾 她。
Wǒ māma bìng dé hěn zhòng, wǒ bìxū zhàogù tā.
She works fast.
她 工作 得 很 快。
<Tā gōngzuò de hěn kuài.>
How did you spend New Year's Eve?
你 新年 过 得 怎么样?
<Nǐ xīnnián guò de zěnme yàng?>
You are coming too early.
你 来 得 太 早。
<Nǐ lái de tài zǎo.>

When there is an OBJECT (like the word CHINESE in the sentence YOU SPEAK CHINESE WELL) the construction goes like this: SUBJECT – (VERB) – OBJECT – VERB –  得 – COMPLEMENT

First verb can be omitted

See the phrase: 中文 很好 /Nǐ shuō Zhōngwén shuō de hěn hǎo/ YOU SPEAK CHINESE WELL

EXAMPLES WITH OBJECT

He rides fast.
他 开车 开 得 很 快。
<Tā kāi chē kāi de hěn kuài.>
Plane is flying low.
飞机 飞 得 很 低。
Fēijī fēi dé hěn dī.
“He has grown very slim.”
他 长 得 很 瘦。
Tā zhǎng de hěn shòu.
I spent my birthday happily.
我 生日 过 得 很 开心。
Wǒ shēngrì guo de hěn kāixīn.
How does he speak Chinese?
他 说 中文 说 得 怎么样?
<Tā shuō Zhōngwén shuō de zěnmeyàng?>
The way he rides a car is dangerous.
他 开车 开 得 很 危险。
<Tā kāi chē kāi de hěn wéixiǎn.>