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COMPLEMENT

_THIS IS A TESTING BETA VERSION OF THE SITE_

When you are saying that someone speaks Mandarin WELL, that someone drives FAST etc., you are using a verb complement

In Mandarin we put the complement behind the verb and connect it with 得 /de/

See the phrase: 你 说 很 对 /Nǐ shuō de hěn duì/ YOU ARE SAYING IT CORRECTLY – YOU ARE RIGHT

BASIC EXAMPLES

She works fast.
她 工作 得 很 快。
<Tā gōngzuò de hěn kuài.>
I had a good rest.
我 休息 得 很好。
<Wǒ xiūxi de hěn hǎo.>
Time runs fast.
时间 跑 得 很 快。
Shíjiān pǎo de hěn kuài.
I hear clearly.
我 听 得 很 清楚。
<Wǒ tīng de hěn qīngchu.>
You are coming at a wrong time.
你 来 得 不 是 适合。
<Nǐ lái de búshì shìhé.>
I didn't get drunk because I didn't drink too much.
我 没有 喝 醉,因为 我 喝 得 不 多。
Wǒ méiyǒu hē zuì, yīnwèi wǒ hē de bù duō.

When there is an OBJECT (like the word CHINESE in the sentence YOU SPEAK CHINESE WELL) the construction goes like this: SUBJECT – (VERB) – OBJECT – VERB –  得 – COMPLEMENT

First verb can be omitted

See the phrase: 中文 很好 /Nǐ shuō Zhōngwén shuō de hěn hǎo/ YOU SPEAK CHINESE WELL

EXAMPLES WITH OBJECT

Plane is flying low.
飞机 飞 得 很 低。
Fēijī fēi dé hěn dī.
Let's not cross here, cars drive fast here.
这里 不 要 过 马路,这里 汽车 走 得 很 快。
<Zhèli búyào guò mǎlù, zhèli qìchē zǒu de hěn kuài.>
He speaks Chinese well.
他 说 汉语 说 得 很 好。
<Tā shuō hànyǔ shuō de hěn hǎo.>
He speaks Chinese fast.
他 说 汉语 说 得 很 快。
<Tā shuō hànyǔ shuō de hěn kuài.>
“He has grown very slim.”
他 长 得 很 瘦。
Tā zhǎng de hěn shòu.
How did you spend your birthday?
你 生日 过 得 怎么样?
<Nǐ shēngrì guò de zěnme yàng?>
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