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COMPLEMENT

_THIS IS A TESTING BETA VERSION OF THE SITE_

When you are saying that someone speaks Mandarin WELL, that someone drives FAST etc., you are using a verb complement

In Mandarin we put the complement behind the verb and connect it with 得 /de/

See the phrase: 你 说 很 对 /Nǐ shuō de hěn duì/ YOU ARE SAYING IT CORRECTLY – YOU ARE RIGHT

BASIC EXAMPLES

Sorry that I'm (coming) late.
对不起,我 来 得 晚。
<Duìbùqǐ, wǒ lái de wǎn.>
I had a good rest during the weekend.
我 周末 休息 得 很好。
Wǒ zhōumò xiūxi de hěn hǎo.
“how did you enjoy yourself?”
你 玩 得 怎么样?
Nǐ wán de zěnmeyàng?
How did you spend New Year's Eve?
你 新年 过 得 怎么样?
<Nǐ xīnnián guò de zěnme yàng?>
I spent the New Year's Eve well.
我 新年 过 得 很 开心。
Wǒ xīnnián guò de hěn kāixīn.
She works slowly.
她 工作 得 很 慢。
<Tā gōngzuò de hěn màn.>

When there is an OBJECT (like the word CHINESE in the sentence YOU SPEAK CHINESE WELL) the construction goes like this: SUBJECT – (VERB) – OBJECT – VERB –  得 – COMPLEMENT

First verb can be omitted

See the phrase: 中文 很好 /Nǐ shuō Zhōngwén shuō de hěn hǎo/ YOU SPEAK CHINESE WELL

EXAMPLES WITH OBJECT

He speaks Chinese fluently.
他 说 汉语 说 得 很 流利。
Tā shuō hànyǔ shuō de hěn líulì.
Let's not cross here, cars drive fast here.
这里 不 要 过 马路,这里 汽车 走 得 很 快。
<Zhèli búyào guò mǎlù, zhèli qìchē zǒu de hěn kuài.>
How did you spend your birthday?
你 生日 过 得 怎么样?
<Nǐ shēngrì guò de zěnme yàng?>
I spent my birthday happily.
我 生日 过 得 很 开心。
Wǒ shēngrì guo de hěn kāixīn.
He rides fast.
他 开车 开 得 很 快。
<Tā kāi chē kāi de hěn kuài.>
She speaks Chinese slowly.
她 说 中文 说 得 很 慢。
<Tā shuō Zhōngwén shuō de hěn màn.>
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