Complement

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What is a verb attribute – verb complement? Using a verb complement we extend the verb by further characteristic. See:

  • He runs quickly.
  • She speaks Chinese very well.
  • She cooks delicious.

The same way as with the name attribute, here we also need a glue, that sticks the complement and the verb together…

    <de>

When sticking the complement together with a verb we need to distinguish what type of a verb it is…

1. verbs without an object – we put the complement simply behind…

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你说得很对。

<Nǐ shuō de hěn duì.>  

You to say de right.  

YOU ARE RIGHT.

 

他工作很快。

<Tā gōngzuò de hěn kuài.>

He to work de fast.  

HE WORKS QUICKLY. 

 

对不起,我来晚。

<Duìbùqǐ, wǒ lái de wǎn.>  

I to come de late.  

SORRY THAT I’M (COMING) LATE. 

 

2. verbs with an object 

for instance:

看书 <kànshū> [to look (in) a book] TO READ

做饭 <zuò fàn> [to make food] – TO COOK

Here we need keep in mind, that <de> connects a complement and a verb, not a complement and an object of a verb.

Because <de> doesn´t stick to the object, we need to repeat the verb once more and stick the complement to it:

 

她说中文说得很慢。

<Tā shuō Zhōngwén shuō de hěn màn.>

She to speak Chinese to speak de slowly.

SHE SPEAKS CHINESE SLOWLY.

 

开得很快。 

<Tā kāi chē kāi de hěn kuài.>  

He to ride a car to ride de fast.

HE RIDES FAST.

 

做得很好吃。 

<Tā zuò fàn zuò de hěn hǎochī.>

She to make food to make de delicious.

SHE COOKS WELL.

komplementdelsism

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The 4th Chapter of the Textbook is dedicated to this theme.pribeh4