FINISHED ACTION

 
 
_THIS IS A TESTING BETA VERSION OF THE SITE_
 

I BOUGHT A CAR.

HE SAID THAT…

HE WENT TO CHINA.

Finished action is remotely equivalent to past tense and sometimes present perfect in English

To indicate that the ACTION is finished, we put /le/ right after the verb

ACTIONS are verbs like: TO BUY, TO GO, TO DRINK

ACTIONS aren’t verbs like: TO KNOW, TO WANT, TO FEEL

These are STATES and can’t be “finished”. They remain in the present form

 
 
 
 

 

BASIC EXAMPLES

I've bought a lot of things.
我 买 了 很 多 东西。
<Wǒ mǎi le hěn duō dōngxi.>
I've bought a very expensive car.
我 买 了 很 贵 的 汽车。
<Wǒ mǎile hěn guì de qìchē.>
Where did you go?
你 去 了 哪里?
Nǐ qù le nǎli?
What movie did you watch?
你 看 了 什么 电影?
Nǐ kàn le shénme diànyǐng?

 

MORE DIFFICULT SENTENCES

I have bought many Chinese books in China.
我 在 中国 买 了 很 多 中文 书。
<Wǒ zài Zhōngguó mǎi le hěnduō Zhōngwén shū.>
How long time did you stay in Asia?
你 在 亚洲 呆 了 多 长 时间?
<Nǐ zài Yàzhōu dāile duō cháng shíjiān?>
Last time I drank a very good tea here.
上次 我 在 这里 喝 了 很 好 的 茶。
Shàng cì wǒ zài zhèli hē le hěn hǎo de chá.
I've found that he doesn't live in Shanghai (anymore).
我 发现 了 他 不 住 在 上海 了。
<Wǒ fāxiàn le tā bù zhù zài Shànghǎi le.>