FINISHED ACTION

 
 
_THIS IS A TESTING BETA VERSION OF THE SITE_
 

I BOUGHT A CAR.

HE SAID THAT…

HE WENT TO CHINA.

Finished action is remotely equivalent to past tense and sometimes present perfect in English.

To indicate that the ACTION is finished, we put /le/ right behind the verb.

ACTIONS are verbs like: TO BUY, TO GO, TO DRINK

ACTIONS aren’t verbs like: TO KNOW, TO WANT, TO FEEL

These are STATES and can’t be “finished”. They remain in the present form.

 
 
 
 

 

BASIC EXAMPLES

I (have) bought a lot of tea.
我 买 了 很 多 茶。
Wǒ mǎi le hěnduō chá.
Where did you go?
你 去 了 哪里?
Nǐ qù le nǎli?
I've bought a lot of things.
我 买 了 很 多 东西。
<Wǒ mǎi le hěn duō dōngxi.>
I only drank four beers.
我 只 喝 了 四 杯 啤酒。
Wǒ zhǐ hēle sì bēi píjiǔ.

 

MORE DIFFICULT SENTENCES

How long time did you stay in Asia?
你 在 亚洲 呆 了 多 长 时间?
<Nǐ zài Yàzhōu dāile duō cháng shíjiān?>
She told me many things.
她 给 我 说 了 很 多 东西。
<Tā gěi wǒ shuō le hěn duō dōngxi.>
I had a very interesting dream.
我 做 了 很 有意思 的 梦。
Wǒ zuòle hěn yǒuyìsi de mèng.
He gave me a very expensive present.
他 送 了 我 很 贵 的 礼物。
<Tā sòng le wǒ hěn guì de lǐwù.>