FINISHED ACTION

 
 
_THIS IS A TESTING BETA VERSION OF THE SITE_
 

I BOUGHT A CAR.

HE SAID THAT…

HE WENT TO CHINA.

Finished action is remotely equivalent to past tense and sometimes present perfect in English

To indicate that the ACTION is finished, we put /le/ right after the verb

ACTIONS are verbs like: TO BUY, TO GO, TO DRINK

ACTIONS aren’t verbs like: TO KNOW, TO WANT, TO FEEL

These are STATES and can’t be “finished”. They remain in the present form

 
 
 
 

 

BASIC EXAMPLES

HE WENT TO CHINA FOR WORK.
他 去 了 中国 工作。
<Tā qù le Zhōngguó gōngzuò.>
I'VE BOUGHT A LOT OF THINGS.
我 买 了 很 多 东西。
<Wǒ mǎi le hěn duō dōngxi.>
I'VE BOUGHT A VERY EXPENSIVE CAR.
我 买 了 很 贵 的 汽车。
<Wǒ mǎile hěn guì de qìchē.>
WHERE DID YOU GO?
你 去 了 哪里?
Nǐ qù le nǎli?

 

MORE DIFFICULT SENTENCES

I'VE FOUND THAT HE DOESN'T LIVE IN SHANGHAI (anymore).
我 发现 了 他 不 住 在 上海 了。
<Wǒ fāxiàn le tā bù zhù zài Shànghǎi le.>
I FORGOT HOW TO SAY THIS IN CHINESE.
我 忘 了 这个 汉语 怎么 说。
<Wǒ wàng le zhège hànyǔ zěnme shuō.>
HE GAVE ME A VERY EXPENSIVE PRESENT.
他 送 了 我 很 贵 的 礼物。
<Tā sòng le wǒ hěn guì de lǐwù.>
YESTERDAY I WATCHED A VERY INTERESTING FILM.
我 昨天 看 了 很 有意思 的 电影。
<Wǒ zuótiān kànle hěn yǒuyìsi de diànyǐng.>