FINISHED ACTION

 
 
_THIS IS A TESTING BETA VERSION OF THE SITE_
 

I BOUGHT A CAR.

HE SAID THAT…

HE WENT TO CHINA.

Finished action is remotely equivalent to past tense and sometimes present perfect in English.

To indicate that the ACTION is finished, we put /le/ right behind the verb.

ACTIONS are verbs like: TO BUY, TO GO, TO DRINK

ACTIONS aren’t verbs like: TO KNOW, TO WANT, TO FEEL

These are STATES and can’t be “finished”. They remain in the present form.

 
 
 
 

 

BASIC EXAMPLES

I have bought fruits.
我 买 了 水果。
Wǒ mǎi le shuǐguǒ.
I only drank four beers.
我 只 喝 了 四 杯 啤酒。
Wǒ zhǐ hēle sì bēi píjiǔ.
I've bought a very expensive car.
我 买 了 很 贵 的 汽车。
<Wǒ mǎile hěn guì de qìchē.>
Where did you go?
你 去 了 哪里?
Nǐ qù le nǎli?

 

MORE DIFFICULT SENTENCES

I've found that he doesn't live in Shanghai (anymore).
我 发现 了 他 不 住 在 上海 了。
<Wǒ fāxiàn le tā bù zhù zài Shànghǎi le.>
How long time did you stay in Asia?
你 在 亚洲 呆 了 多 久?
<Nǐ zài Yàzhōu dāile duōjiǔ?>
I have bought many Chinese books in China.
我 在 中国 买 了 很 多 中文 书。
<Wǒ zài Zhōngguó mǎi le hěnduō Zhōngwén shū.>
I had a very interesting dream.
我 做 了 很 有意思 的 梦。
Wǒ zuòle hěn yǒuyìsi de mèng.