FINISHED ACTION

 
 
_THIS IS A TESTING BETA VERSION OF THE SITE_
 

I BOUGHT A CAR.

HE SAID THAT…

HE WENT TO CHINA.

Finished action is remotely equivalent to past tense and sometimes present perfect in English.

To indicate that the ACTION is finished, we put /le/ right behind the verb.

ACTIONS are verbs like: TO BUY, TO GO, TO DRINK

ACTIONS aren’t verbs like: TO KNOW, TO WANT, TO FEEL

These are STATES and can’t be “finished”. They remain in the present form.

 
 
 
 

 

BASIC EXAMPLES

I only drank four beers.
我 只 喝 了 四 杯 啤酒。
Wǒ zhǐ hēle sì bēi píjiǔ.
I've bought a lot of things.
我 买 了 很 多 东西。
<Wǒ mǎi le hěn duō dōngxi.>
I've bought a very expensive car.
我 买 了 很 贵 的 汽车。
<Wǒ mǎile hěn guì de qìchē.>
I (have) bought a lot of tea.
我 买 了 很 多 茶。
Wǒ mǎi le hěnduō chá.

 

MORE DIFFICULT SENTENCES

I have bought many Chinese books in China.
我 在 中国 买 了 很 多 中文 书。
<Wǒ zài Zhōngguó mǎi le hěnduō Zhōngwén shū.>
I had a very interesting dream.
我 做 了 很 有意思 的 梦。
Wǒ zuòle hěn yǒuyìsi de mèng.
He gave me a very expensive present.
他 送 了 我 很 贵 的 礼物。
<Tā sòng le wǒ hěn guì de lǐwù.>
I told him but he wouldn't listen.
我 给 他 说 了,可是 他 不 听。
<Wǒ gěi tā shuō le, kěshì tā bù tīng.>