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FINISHED ACTION

 
 
_THIS IS A TESTING BETA VERSION OF THE SITE_
 

I BOUGHT A CAR.

HE SAID THAT…

HE WENT TO CHINA.

Finished action is remotely equivalent to past tense and sometimes present perfect in English.

To indicate that the ACTION is finished, we put /le/ right behind the verb.

ACTIONS are verbs like: TO BUY, TO GO, TO DRINK

ACTIONS aren’t verbs like: TO KNOW, TO WANT, TO FEEL

These are STATES and can’t be “finished”. They remain in the present form.

 
 
 
 

 

BASIC EXAMPLES

I have bought fruits.
我 买 了 水果。
Wǒ mǎi le shuǐguǒ.
I only drank four beers.
我 只 喝 了 四 杯 啤酒。
Wǒ zhǐ hēle sì bēi píjiǔ.
I (have) bought a lot of tea.
我 买 了 很 多 茶。
Wǒ mǎi le hěnduō chá.
How many drinks did you drink?
你 喝 了 几 杯 啤酒?
Nǐ hēle jǐ bēi píjiǔ?

 

MORE DIFFICULT SENTENCES

I told him but he wouldn't listen.
我 给 他 说 了,可是 他 不 听。
<Wǒ gěi tā shuō le, kěshì tā bù tīng.>
How long time did you stay in Asia?
你 在 亚洲 呆 了 多 久?
<Nǐ zài Yàzhōu dāile duōjiǔ?>
Last time I drank a very good tea here.
上次 我 在 这里 喝 了 很 好 的 茶。
Shàng cì wǒ zài zhèli hē le hěn hǎo de chá.
I forgot how to say this in Chinese.
我 忘 了 这个 汉语 怎么 说。
<Wǒ wàng le zhège hànyǔ zěnme shuō.>

 

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