FINISHED ACTION

 
 
_THIS IS A TESTING BETA VERSION OF THE SITE_
 

I BOUGHT A CAR.

HE SAID THAT…

HE WENT TO CHINA.

Finished action is remotely equivalent to past tense and sometimes present perfect in English.

To indicate that the ACTION is finished, we put /le/ right behind the verb.

ACTIONS are verbs like: TO BUY, TO GO, TO DRINK

ACTIONS aren’t verbs like: TO KNOW, TO WANT, TO FEEL

These are STATES and can’t be “finished”. They remain in the present form.

 
 
 
 

 

BASIC EXAMPLES

I only drank four beers.
我 只 喝 了 四 杯 啤酒。
Wǒ zhǐ hēle sì bēi píjiǔ.
I (have) bought a lot of tea.
我 买 了 很 多 茶。
Wǒ mǎi le hěnduō chá.
I've bought a lot of things.
我 买 了 很 多 东西。
<Wǒ mǎi le hěn duō dōngxi.>
I've bought a very expensive car.
我 买 了 很 贵 的 汽车。
<Wǒ mǎile hěn guì de qìchē.>

 

MORE DIFFICULT SENTENCES

How long time did you stay in Asia?
你 在 亚洲 呆 了 多 长 时间?
<Nǐ zài Yàzhōu dāile duō cháng shíjiān?>
How long time did you stay in Asia?
你 在 亚洲 呆 了 多 久?
<Nǐ zài Yàzhōu dāile duōjiǔ?>
I've found that he doesn't live in Shanghai (anymore).
我 发现 了 他 不 住 在 上海 了。
<Wǒ fāxiàn le tā bù zhù zài Shànghǎi le.>
I discussed many things with him.
我 跟 他 谈 了 很 多 事。
<Wǒ gēn tā tán le hěn duō shì.>