就 / Essence of Mandarin

 

 
 
_THIS IS A TESTING BETA VERSION OF THE SITE_
 

Condition (or action) A is fulfilled, action B follows

In the first part of a sentence we say what was, is or needs to be fulfilled, so that action B in the second part of a sentence can take place.

In the second sentence with 就 /jiù/ we say what action followed or will follow.

EXAMPLES

After we finish the class we will go to work.
我们 下 了 课 就 要 去 上班。
Wǒmen xià le kè jiù yào qù shàngbān.
When you have a problem, you should tell me directly.
你 有 问题 就 要 直接 告诉 我。
Nǐ yǒu wèntí jiù yào zhíjiē gàosu wǒ.
If you like it then buy it.
你 喜欢 就 买 吧!
Nǐ xǐhuan jiù mǎi ba
After I finish drinking this tea, I’m going to have a class.
我 喝 了 这个 茶,就 要 去 上课。
<Wǒ hē le zhège chá, jiù yào qù shàngkè.>
If you don't want to go, then don't go.
你 不 想 去 就 别 去!
Nǐ bùxiǎng qù jiù bié qù.
The more (time) you study, the better the results.
你 学习 的 时间 越 多,成就 就 越 好 了。
Nǐ xuéxí de shíjiān yuè duō, chéngjiù jiù yuè hǎo le.

 

Time passed, action follows

In the first part of the sentence we say how long time is needed for the action to take place.

Second part with 就 /jiù/ tells us what action will follow after the time is fulfilled.

EXAMPLES

It takes ten minutes to get there.
十 分钟 就 到 了。
Shí fēnzhōng jiù dào le.

 

Space passed, action follows

In the first part of the sentence we say how long space needs to be crossed.

Second part with 就 /jiù/ tells us what action will follow after the space is crossed.

EXAMPLES

100 metres and (you) are there.
一百 米 就 到 了。
Yībǎi mǐ jiù dào le.

 

Emphasis

EXAMPLES

I'm (just) loving it! - slogan of McDonald's
我 就 喜欢!
Wǒ jiù xǐhuan!
I’ve known this for a long time that this is an old traditional concept.
我 早 就 知道 这 是 旧的 传统 观念。
Wǒ zǎo jiù zhīdào zhè shì jiù de chuántǒng guānniàn.
We entered the information age long time ago.
我们 早就 进入 了 信息 时代。
Wǒmen zǎo jiù jìnrù le xìnxī shídài.