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NOONE NOTHING

 
 _THIS IS A TESTING BETA VERSION OF THE SITE_
 
 
 

Question words turn into negative words in negative sentences:

WHAT changes to NOTHING, WHO changes to NOONE, WHERE changes to NOWHERE

Inevitable part of this construction is the word 都 /dōu/ or 也 /yě/

This construction changes word order. 

Compare: 

我 – 喜欢 – 茶 // I – LIKE – TEA 

我 – 什么都 – 不喜欢 // I – EVERYTHING (NOTHING) – NOT TO LIKE

 

BASIC STRUCTURE 

Don’t forget the word 都 /dōu/ or 也 /yě/

I don't want anything.
我 什么 都 不 要。
<Wǒ shénme dōu bù yào.>
I don't know anybody.
我 谁 都 不 认识。
<Wǒ shuí dōu bù rènshi.>
I‘m not going anywhere.
我 哪儿 都 不 去。
<Wǒ nǎ'er dōu bù qù.>
I don't know anyone (at all) in Beijing.
我 在 北京 谁 都 不 认识。
<Wǒ zài Běijīng shéi dōu bú rènshi.>

 

 

3-COLUMNS STRUCTURE

Question word and 都 /dōu/ (or 也 /yě/) are like two pillars.

We can put another word in between them.

I don't have any problem.
我 什么 问题 都 没有。
<Wǒ shénme wèntí dōu méiyǒu.>
I haven’t bought “any-thing”.
我 什么 东西 都 没 买。
Wǒ shénme dōngxi dōu méi mǎi.

 

 

ALTERING THE QUESTION WORD

Instead of question words we can use words like 一个 /yīge/ ONE  and 一点 /yīdiǎn/ A LITTLE, to say NOONE or NOT EVEN A LITTLE

I don't have a single Chinese friend.
我 一个 中国 朋友 也 没有。
<Wǒ yīge Zhōngguó péngyǒu yě méiyǒu.>
You don't want even a little?
你 一点 也 不 要 吗?
<Nǐ yīdiǎn yě bù yào ma?>
I don't want even a little bit.
我 一点 也 不 要。
Wǒ yīdiǎn yě bùyào.
I didn’t drink even a little coffee.
我 一点 咖啡 也 没 喝。
Wǒ yīdiǎn kāfēi yě méi hē.
I don’t know a single person in this town.
我 在 这个 城市 一个 人 也 不 认识。
Wǒ zài zhège chéngshì yīgè rén yě bù rènshì.
This isn’t normal at all.
这个 一点 也 不 正常。
Zhège yīdiǎn yě bù zhèngcháng.

 

 

POSITIVE FORM

If there is no negation in the sentence, then it means exactly the opposite: 

NOTHING changes to EVERYTHING, NOONE to EVERYONE etc.

He knows everything.
他 什么 都 知道。
Tā shénme dōu zhīdào.
He is able to do everything.
他 什么 都 会 做。
Tā shénme dōu huì zuò.
I know everybody here.
我 在 这里 谁都 认识。
Wǒ zài zhèli shéi dōu rènshì.