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Nowhere, noone, nothing

ENGnikdoNicNikamX

To express negation such as NOBODY, NOTHING, NOWHERE, NOT EVEN A LITTLE, NOT EVEN ONE… we use a special construction…

Let´s see how it works on simple examples:

我什么都不要。

<Wǒ shénme dōu bú yào.>

I what dou not to want.  

I DON’T WANT ANYTHING.

 

我谁都不认识。 

<Wǒ shuí dōu bú rènshi.>

I who dou not to know.

I DON’T KNOW ANYBODY. 

 

我哪儿都不去。 

<Wǒ nǎ’er dōu bú qù.>

I where duo not to go.  

I DON’T GO ANYWHERE. 

sheidouFinSM

Principles:
  • question words turn into negation (what-nothing, who-noone, where-nowhere)
  • integral and inevitable part of this construction is a word 都 <dōu> (in some cases better to use 也 <yě>)
  • changed word order (subject-verb-object doesn´t work here), verb is in the end.
___
Construction can be extended:
.
1. Question word and 都 <dōu>or 也 <yě> are like two pillars. Another word can be put in between them:
.

他什么问题都没有。

<Tā shénme wèntí dōu méiyǒu.>

He what problem dou not to have.  

HE DOESN’T HAVE ANY PROBLEM.

.

2. Instead of question words we can use:
一点 <yīdiǎn> A BIT 
一个 <yīge> ONE (we can of course use other measure word, not just  )
 .

我一个中国朋友也没有。 

<Wǒ yīge Zhōngguó péngyǒu  méiyǒu.>

I one Chinese friend ye not to have.  

I DON’T HAVE EVEN ONE CHINESE FRIEND.  (Instead of <dōu> we used <>)

 

你一点也不要吗?  

<Nǐ yīdiǎn yě búyào ma?>  

You a bit ye not to want ma?  

YOU DON’T WANT EVEN A LITTLE BIT?

______

Third chapter of storyline about Kif Gren is dedicated to this theme…

pribeh3