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To say that something is ON the TABLE, we say 在 TABLE  /zài TABLE shang/ 

There are many people in the streets.
在 街 上 有 很 多 人。
Zài jiē shang yǒu hěnduō rén.

To say that something is IN the ROOM, we say 在 ROOM  /zài ROOM li/ 

Is there a separate bathroom in the room?
房间 里 有 单独 的 卫生间 吗?
Fángjiān li yǒu dāndú de wèishēngjiān ma?

To say that something is UNDER the TABLE, we say 在 TABLE  /zài TABLE xia/ 

Instead of 上 /shang/,  下 /xia/, and  /li/ we can say 上面 /shàngmian/,  下面 /xiàmian/, and 里面 /lǐmiàn/

 

EXAMPLES

Uncle reads on the tree because he is afraid of the mouse.
叔叔 在 树 上 看 书,因为 他 怕 老鼠。
Shūshu zài shù shang kànshū, yīnwèi tā pà lǎoshǔ.
It’s 10 below zero outside today.
今天 外面 零 下 10 度。
Jīntiān wàimiàn língxià 10 dù.
There are many people in the streets.
在 街 上 有 很 多 人。
Zài jiē shang yǒu hěnduō rén.
He is on the bus.
他 在 车 上。
Tā zài chē shang.
“Many things have been put on the table.”
桌子 上 放 着 很多 东西。
Zhuōzi shang fàng zhe hěn duō dōngxi.
The director lies under the table.
经理 躺 在 桌子 下。
Jīnglǐ tǎng zài zhuōzi xià.
There are no subway stations on the map.
地图 上 没有 地铁站。
Dìtú shang méiyǒu dìtiě zhàn.
There is no water in the room.
房间 里 没有 水。
Fángjiān li méiyǒu shuǐ.
There is no electricity in the room.
房间 里 没有 电。
Fángjiān li méiyǒu diàn.
Is there a separate bathroom in the room?
房间 里 有 单独 的 卫生间 吗?
Fángjiān li yǒu dāndú de wèishēngjiān ma?

 

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