Prepositions

Free Chinese Online Course – Grammar – Prepositions

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Prepositions are magical language elements that help us describe what is going on.

Here is a list of the most common ones in Chinese – details below.

After you are finished, TEST YOURSELF! 

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Prepositions (and what follows) are usually placed in front of a verb.

 

   <gěi>   TO GIVE sth. to somebody, FOR

VERB:

你。   

<Gěi nǐ.>

To give (to) you.  

HERE YOU ARE.

 

PREPOSITION:

她买了很贵的礼物。   

<Wǒ gěi tā mǎile hěn guì de lǐwù.>

for she to buy le a very expensive de present.

I’VE BOUGHT HER A VERY EXPENSIVE PRESENT.

 

我明天要你打电话。   

<Wǒ míngtiān yào gěi nǐ dǎ diànhuà.>   

I tomorrow yao to you to call.

I WILL CALL YOU TOMORROW.

 

我明天要打电话你。   

<Wǒ míngtiān yào dǎ diànhuà gěi nǐ.>     

(sometimes  <gěi> can be placed after the verb.)

I WILL CALL YOU TOMORROW.

 

你有没有她说?    

<Nǐ yǒu méiyǒu gěi tā shuō?>    

You you-meiyou to she to tell?

DID YOU TELL HER? see finished action

你要不要她说?    

<Nǐ yàobuyao gěi tā shuō?>    

You yao-buyao to she to tell?

WILL YOU TELL HER?

Play CG-prepositions-1(gei)

 

对   <duì>   FOR, AGAINST

Primar meaning of  <duì> is OPPOSITE.

Imagine that you place some phenomenon on your opposite side – you CONFORT yourself with it. 

这个我不好。    

<Zhège duì wǒ bù hǎo.>   

This for I not (to be) good.

THIS ISN’T GOOD FOR ME.

 

抽烟身体不好。   

<Chōuyān duì shēntǐ bù hǎo.>   

To smoke for body not (to be) good.

SMOKING ISN’T GOOD FOR BODY.

 

来说,星期四最方便。  

<Duì wǒ lái shuō, xīngqīsì zuì fāngbiàn.>

For I to come to speak, thursday (to be) most practical.  

AS FAR AS I’M CONCERNED, THURSDAY IS THE BEST.

Play CG-prepositions-2(dui)

We need to distinguish wheather we have something for somebody ( <gěi>), or if we describe relation-effect between one thing and another  ( <duì>).

 

   

  <gēn>   WITH

我走。  

<Gēn wǒ zǒu.>

With I come.  

COME WITH ME, FOLLOW ME.

 

我明天要她去吃饭。   

<Wǒ míngtiān yào gēn tā qù chīfàn.>   

I tomorrow yao with she to go (to) eat.

I WILL GO TO EAT SOMETHING WITH HER TOMORROW.

 

我一样。    

<Tā gēn wǒ yīyàng.>   

She with I (to be) the same.  

SHE IS THE SAME AS I AM. see comparison

 

我想你谈一件事。    

<Wǒ xiǎng gēn nǐ tán yī jiàn shì.>

I want with you to discuss one thing.

I WANT TO DISCUSS ONE THING WITH YOU.

Play CG-prepositions-3(gen)

 

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   <lí>   A from B – distance between two places

中国离欧洲很远。   

<Zhōngguó  Ōuzhōu hěn yuǎn.>   

China from Europe (to be) far.

CHINA IS FAR FROM EUROPE.

 

上海北京多远?   

<Shànghǎi  Běijīng duō yuán?>

Shanghai from Beijing (to be) how far?

HOW FAR IS SHANGHAI FROM BEIJING?

 

这里很近有一家很好的饭店。   

<Lí zhèli hěn jìn yǒu yījiā hěn hǎo de fàndiàn.>

From here near to exist one hen good de restaurant.

THERE IS ONE VERY GOOD RESTAURANT CLOSE FROM HERE. more in verbs to be

Play CG-prepositions-4(li)
从  <cóng>  FROM

你从哪里来?   

<Nǐ cóng nǎli lái?>

You from where to come?

WHERE DO YOU COME FROM?

从…到…   <cóng…dào…> 
FROM… TO…   (for both time and space)

北京上海坐火车最方便。    

<Cóng Běijīng dào Shànghǎi zuò huǒchē zuì fāngbiàn.> 

From Beijing to Shanghai to go by train (to be) the most practical.

THE MOST CONVENIENT WAY HOW TO GET FROM SHANGHAI TO BEIJING IS TO TAKE THE TRAIN.

 

我今天9点12点上课。   

<Wǒ jīntiān cóng 9 diǎn dào 12 diǎn shàngkè.>

Me today from 9 o’çlock till 12 o’clock to have a class.

TODAY I HAVE A CLASS FROM 9 TILL 12 O’CLOCK.

Play CG-prepositions-5(congdao)

 

   

   <bǐ>   A compared to B

中国日本大。 

<Zhōngguó  Rìběn dà.> 

China compared to Japan (to be) bigger.

 

日本茶中国茶好喝。 

<Rìběn chá  Zhōngguó chá hǎohē.>   

Japanese tea compared to chinese tea (to be) better (to drink).

 

我的汉语比他的流利。  

<Wǒ de hànyǔ  tāde liúlì.>

My Chinese compared to his (to be) more fluent.

Play CG-prepositions-6(bi)

 

After you are finished, TEST YOURSELF! 

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