Chinese Pronouns

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Personal pronouns:

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  <wǒ>   I, ME

   <nǐ>   YOU (sing.)         <nín>   YOU  (polite form)

   <tā>   HE

   <tā>   SHE

   <tā>   IT  (not that often)

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我们   <wǒmen>   WE, US

你们   <nǐmen>   YOU

他们   <tāmen>   THEM

她们   <tāmen>   THEM (only female)

它们   <tāmen>   THOSE  (použití spíše sporadické)

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Possesive pronouns:

We create them simply just by adding the particle  <de> :    <wǒde>  [my, mine]

他是我朋友。

<Tā shì wǒde péngyǒu.>   

He to be my friend.

more here:    ENGjmennyprivlastekdeX

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Pointing pronouns:

这个   <zhège>   THIS 

这个多少钱?   

<Zhège duōshao qián?>   

This how much money?

Attention: in combination with  we usually omit 

Instead of (for instance) 这个是什么?we just say  这是什么?

 

那个   <nèige (nàge)>   THAT

那个好。

<Nèige hǎo.>   

That (to be) better.

 

这个比那个好。

<Zhège bǐ nèige hǎo.>   

This compared to that (to be) better.

THIS IS BETTER THAN THAT.

Attention: in combination with  we usually omit :  那是什么?

 

这些   <zhèxiē>   THESE   

这些东西很贵   

<Zhèxiē dōngxi hěn guì.>   

These things (to be) expensive.

 

   <nàxiē>   THOSE

那些东西便宜一点   

<Nàxiē dōngxi piányi yìdiǎn.>   

Those things (to be) cheaper a bit.

THOSE THINGS ARE SLIGHTLY CHEAPER.

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这里,这儿    <zhèli, zhè’er>   HERE 

这里人太多。   

<Zhèli rén tài duō.>   

Here people (to be) too many.

 

那里,那儿   <nàli, nà’er>   THERE

那里人少一点。   

<Nàli rén shǎo yìdiǎn.>   

There people (to be) less a bit.

THERE IS SLIGHTLY LESS PEOPLE.   more in: to be

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 Interrogative pronouns:

 see…   questionX

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Chinese equivalent of indefinite pronouns:

Words like SOMEONE, SOMETHING are constructed using  <yǒu> TO HAVE, TO EXIST. It is built on this logic:

有人觉得中文很难。 

<Yǒu rén juéde Zhōngwén hěn nán.> 

(There) are people think Chinese (to be) difficult.

SOME PEOPLE THINK THAT CHINESE IS DIFFICULT.

 

有时候觉得他真坏。 

<Wǒ yǒu shíhou juéde tā zhēn huài.> 

I to exist time to think he really (to be) rotten.

SOMETIMES I THINK HE IS A BASTARD.

 

这里有的东西很好,有的东西不太好 

<Zhèli yǒude dōngxi hěn hǎo, yǒude dōngxi bú tài hǎo.> 

Here to exist things (to be) good, exist things not too good.

SOME THINGS HERE ARE GOOD, SOME THINGS ARE NOT SO GOOD.

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Chinese equivalent of negative pronouns I:

One equivalent of English negative pronouns is built on the same logic as indefinite pronouns…

这里没有。 

<Zhèli méiyǒu rén.> 

Here don´t exist a person.

THERE IS NOONE HERE.

 

没有人想去。 

<Méiyǒu rén xiǎng qù.> 

Don´t exist a person to want to go.

NOONE WANTS TO GO THERE.

没有人接电话。

<Méiyǒu rén jiē diànhuà.> 

Don´t exist a person to pick the phone.

NOONE IS PICKING UP THE PHONE.

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Chinese equivalent of negative pronouns II:

//In negative sentences, question words change their meaning to a negative form.

我没有什么问题。

<Wǒ méiyǒu shénme wèntí.>

I don´t have any problem.

 

我没买什么

<Wǒ méi mǎi shénme.> 

I negation in the past mei buy nothing.

I DIDN’T BUY ANYTHING.

 

我不想 问

<Wǒ bù xiǎng wèn shéi.> 

I not want to ask noone.

I DON’T WANT TO ASK ANYONE.

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Chinese equivalent of negative pronouns III:

//Used for a strong negation.

什么问题没有。

<Wǒ shénme wèntí dōu méiyǒu.> 

I what problem all not have.

I DON’T HAVE ANY PROBLEM.

 

我在北京谁都不认识。

<Wǒ zài Běijīng shéi dōu bú rènshi.> 

I in Beijing who all not to know.

I DON’T KNOW ANYONE IN BEIJING.

MORE HERE: ENGnikdoNicNikamX