Interrogative sentences

questionX

Chinese online lessons: Question words

excercises for this chapter here: questionwords

 

3 ways to ask a question (attention: these ways can not be combined):

 

1. INTERROGATIVE PARTICLE – mostly  <ma>

We place <ma> at the end of a sentence (word order remains the same as in the indicative sentence) 

他是学生。        

<Tā shì xuéshēng.>  

HE IS A STUDENT.

 

他是学生吗?       

<Tā shì xuéshēng ma?>  

IS HE A STUDENT?

 

中文好学吗?          

<Zhōngwén hǎoxué ma?>   

Chinese good to study ma?  

IS CHINESE EASY TO LEARN?

 

2. VERB – NEGATION – VERB

是不是中国人?        

<Tā shì-bu-shi Zhōngguórén?>  

IS HE CHINESE?

 

要不要喝点茶?          

<Nǐ yào-bu-yao hē diǎn chá?>  

You to want-not-to want to drink a bit of tea?   

WILL YOU HAVE SOME TEA?

 

有没有中国朋友?          

<Nǐ yǒu-mei-you Zhōngguó péngyǒu?>  

You to have-not-to have a Chinese friend?

DO YOU HAVE A CHINESE FRIEND?

 

3. INTERROGATIVE WORDS

shenme

这是什么?       

<Zhè shì shénme?>

This to be what?

WHAT IS THIS?

 

这是什么茶?       

<Zhè shì shénme chá?>

This to be what tea?

WHAT TEA IS THIS?

 

shenmeshihou

什么时候要去中国?          

<Nǐ shénmeshíhou yào qù Zhōngguó?>

You when future indicator to go (to) China?

WHEN ARE YOU GOING TO CHINA?

 

我们什么时候要去吃饭?          

<Wǒmen shénmeshíhou yào qù chīfàn?>

We when to go to eat?

WHEN ARE WE GOING TO EAT?

 

shei

他是谁?      

<Tā shì shéi?> 

He to be who?

WHO IS HE?

 

这是的车?      

<Zhè shì shuí de chē?>

This to be who´s vehicle?

WHO’S CAR IS THIS?

nali

你在哪里?        

<Nǐ zài nǎli?>

You to be where?

WHERE ARE YOU?

 

你从哪里来?        

<Nǐ cóng nǎli lái?>

You from where to come?  

WHERE DO YOU COME FROM?

nage

这里有很多东西。你最喜欢哪一个?        

<Zhèli yǒu hěnduō dōngxi. Nǐ zuì xǐhuan nǎyīgè?>

Here to be a lot of things. You the most to like which (one)?

THERE ARE MANY THINGS HERE. WHICH ONE DO YOU LIKE THE MOST?

 

你是国人?          

<Nǐ shì nǎ-guó-rén?>   

You to be which-state-person?

WHICH COUNTRY ARE YOU FROM?

ji

你有几个中国朋友?  

<Nǐ yǒu jǐge zhōngguó péngyǒu?>

You to have how many Chinese friends?

HOW MANY CHINESE FRIENDS DO YOU HAVE?

 

现在点?          

<Xiànzài  diǎn?>

Now how many o´clock?  

WHAT’S THE TIME NOW?

duoshao

中国有多少人口?           

<Zhōngguó yǒu duōshǎo rénkǒu?>

China to have how many citizens?

HOW MANY CITIZENS DOES CHINA HAVE?

 

这个多少钱?           

<Zhège duōshǎo qián?> 

This how much money?

HOW MUCH IS IT?

duo

多大?              

<Nǐ duōdà le?>

You how big?  

HOW OLD ARE YOU?

 

长城多长?            

<Chángchéng duōcháng?>

Great Wall how long?

HOW LONG IS THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA?

 

你在欧洲多长时间?            

<Nǐ zài Ōuzhōu duōcháng shíjiān le?> 

You in Europe how long time le?

HOW LONG TIME HAVE YOU BEEN IN EUROPE?

zenme

这个汉语怎么说?             

<Zhège hànyǔ zěnme shuō?>

This Chinese how to say?

HOW TO SAY THIS IN CHINESE?

 

天安门怎么走?  

<Tiān’ānmén zěnme zǒu?>

Tiān’ānmén how to go?    

HOW TO GET TO TIAN’AN MEN?

 

怎么没来?             

<Nǐ zěnme méi lái?>

You “how come” didn’t come?

HOW COME YOU DIDN’T COME?

zenmeyang

你最近怎么样?           

<Nǐ zuìjìn zěnmeyàng?> 

You recently how?   

HOW IS IT GOING RECENTLY?

 

这部电影怎么样?           

<Zhè bù diànyǐng zěnmeyàng?>

This film how?  

HOW IS THIS FILM?

 

他汉语说得怎么样?            

<Tā hànyǔ shuō de zěnmeyàng?>

He Chinese to speak de how?

HOW DOES HE SPEAK CHINESE?

more on this construction in verb complement

 

excercises for this chapter here: questionwords