TO HAVE / 有 <yǒu>        

 

Translate: DO YOU HAVE TEA?

KEY

你有茶吗?

<Nǐ yǒu chá ma?>   

 

你有什么茶?       

<Nǐ yǒu shénme chá?>  

You to have what tea? 

WHAT TEA DO YOU HAVE?

 

Translate: WHAT JUICE DO YOU HAVE?

KEY

你有什么果汁?

<Nǐ yǒu shénme guǒzhī?>   

 

我有中国绿茶。      

<Wǒ yǒu Zhōngguó lǜchá.>  

I HAVE A CHINESE GREEN TEA.

 

Translate: I DON’T WANT GREEN TEA.

key

我不要绿茶。

<Wǒ búyào lǜchá.>   

 

你有啤酒吗?      

<Nǐ yǒu píjiǔ ma?>  

You to have beer question_ma

DO YOU HAVE SOME BEER?

 

// negation for  is <méi> , you can’t use  <bù>

 

我没有啤酒。      

<Wǒ méiyǒu píjiǔ.>  

I DON’T HAVE BEER.

 

// Questions are created with a particle (such as ma), with a question word (WHAT, WHO, WHERE) or with a construction VERB-NEGATION-VERB

// you already know    <nà>  in the words THERE and THAT

// it also means WELL… (in the sense WELL THEN)

 

那,有没有可乐?       

<Nà,nǐ yǒu-méiyǒu kělè?>  

You have-not have coke?  

DO YOU HAVE A COKE?

 

Translate: I DO. (lit.: HAVE.)

KEY

有!       

<Yǒu!>  

 

Translate: I DON’T HAVE GREEN TEA, I DON’T HAVE BEER EITHER. (I also don´t have beer.)

KEY

klic1-2d

Part of Lesson 1.2