Weather

WEATHER is 天气 <tiānqì> which is the ENERGY of HEAVENS (or of a DAY)

<rè> (to be) HOT       

 <lěng> (to be) COLD (colder than )        

<liáng> (to be) CHILLY        

暖和 <nuǎnhuo> (to be) WARM        

闷热 <mēnrè> (to be) MUGGY        

今天天气很热 / 闷热 / 暖和 / 冷 / 凉

jīntiān tiānqì hěn rè /mēnrè / nuǎnhuo / lěng /liáng

TODAY THE WEATHER IS VERY HOT/MUGGY/WARM/COLD/CHILLY 

When we wanna say that the weather GOT COLDER (WARMER), we either use just 了 <le> to express the change of state or we can add the word 变 <biàn> TO CHANGE – in this case we will say that the weather CHANGED TO COLDER.

 

天气冷了。

Tiānqì lěng le.

Weather (to be) cold le.

THE WEATHER GOT COLD.

 

天气变冷了。      

Tiānqì biàn lěng le.

Weather to change cold le.

THE WEATHER GOT COLD. 

More on the change of state here:  

Chinese use Celsius degrees.

DEGREE is <dù>       

 

今天外面20度。

Jīntiān wàimian èrshí dù.

TODAY IT’S 20 DEGREES OUTSIDE.

 

BELOW ZERO  零下 <língxià>       

 

今天外面零下10度。

Jīntiān wàimian língxià shí dù.

TODAY IT’S 10 DEGREES BELOW ZERO OUTSIDE.

 

TEMPERATURE / 温度 <wēndù>       

 

今天的温度是二十三度。

Jīntiān de wēndù shì èrshísān dù.

TODAY‘S TEMPERATURE  IS 23 DEGREES.

to RAIN /下雨 <xià yǔ>       

to SNOW /下雨 <xià xuě>       

 

明天会下雨。

Míngtiān huì xià yǔ.

IT MIGHT RAIN TOMORROW.

WEATHER FORECAST天气预报 <tiānqì yùbào>

A CLOWDY DAY / 阴天 <yīn tiān>

A SUNNY DAY / 晴天 <qíng tiān>

 

天气预报说,明天会是晴天/阴天。

<Tiānqì yùbào shuō, míngtiān huì shì qíngtiān / yīntiān.>

Weather forecast to say, tomorrow hui to be a sunny / clowdy day.

WEATHER FORECAST SAYS IT WILL BE A SUNNY / CLOWDY DAY TOMORROW.

 

In a weather forecast we talk about a prediction, thus uncertain future presumption.

For that, we use the concept 

THE AIR <kōngqì> 空气       

A POLLUTION <wūrǎn> 污染       

A SMOG <yānwù> 烟雾       

 

在上海和北京天气污染很厉害。

Shànghǎi hé Běijīng tiānqì wūrǎn hěn lìhài.

IN SHANGHAI AND BEIJING THE AIR POLLUTION IS TREMENDOUS.

 

在这些城市每天都是烟雾。

Zài zhèxiē chéngshì měitiān dōu shì yānwù.

IN THESE CITIES THERE IS A SMOG EVERYDAY.

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