FINISHED ACTION

 
 
_THIS IS A TESTING BETA VERSION OF THE SITE_
 

I BOUGHT A CAR.

HE SAID THAT…

HE WENT TO CHINA.

Finished action is remotely equivalent to past tense and sometimes present perfect in English.

To indicate that the ACTION is finished, we put /le/ right behind the verb.

ACTIONS are verbs like: TO BUY, TO GO, TO DRINK

ACTIONS aren’t verbs like: TO KNOW, TO WANT, TO FEEL

These are STATES and can’t be “finished”. They remain in the present form.

 
 
 
 

 

BASIC EXAMPLES

What happened to you?
你 发生 了 什么 事?
<Nǐ fāshēng le shénme shì?>
He went to China for work.
他 去 了 中国 工作。
<Tā qù le Zhōngguó gōngzuò.>
I've bought a very expensive car.
我 买 了 很 贵 的 汽车。
<Wǒ mǎile hěn guì de qìchē.>
How many drinks did you drink?
你 喝 了 几 杯 啤酒?
Nǐ hēle jǐ bēi píjiǔ?

 

MORE DIFFICULT SENTENCES

I don’t want (it anymore). I’ve already drunk a lot of beer.
我 不 要 了。我 已经 喝 了 很多 啤酒。
Wǒ bù yào le. Wǒ yǐjīng hē le hěnduō píjiǔ.
I have bought many Chinese books in China.
我 在 中国 买 了 很 多 中文 书。
<Wǒ zài Zhōngguó mǎi le hěnduō Zhōngwén shū.>
I've found that he doesn't live in Shanghai (anymore).
我 发现 了 他 不 住 在 上海 了。
<Wǒ fāxiàn le tā bù zhù zài Shànghǎi le.>
How long time did you stay in Asia?
你 在 亚洲 呆 了 多 长 时间?
<Nǐ zài Yàzhōu dāile duō cháng shíjiān?>