FINISHED ACTION

 
 
_THIS IS A TESTING BETA VERSION OF THE SITE_
 

I BOUGHT A CAR.

HE SAID THAT…

HE WENT TO CHINA.

Finished action is remotely equivalent to past tense and sometimes present perfect in English.

To indicate that the ACTION is finished, we put /le/ right behind the verb.

ACTIONS are verbs like: TO BUY, TO GO, TO DRINK

ACTIONS aren’t verbs like: TO KNOW, TO WANT, TO FEEL

These are STATES and can’t be “finished”. They remain in the present form.

 
 
 
 

 

BASIC EXAMPLES

What movie did you watch?
你 看 了 什么 电影?
Nǐ kàn le shénme diànyǐng?
How many drinks did you drink?
你 喝 了 几 杯 啤酒?
Nǐ hēle jǐ bēi píjiǔ?
Where did you go?
你 去 了 哪里?
Nǐ qù le nǎli?
I've bought a very expensive car.
我 买 了 很 贵 的 汽车。
<Wǒ mǎile hěn guì de qìchē.>

 

MORE DIFFICULT SENTENCES

I've bought a lot of nice things.
我 买 了 很 多 漂亮 的 东西。
<Wǒ mǎi le hěn duō piàoliang de dōngxi.>
She told me many things.
她 给 我 说 了 很 多 东西。
<Tā gěi wǒ shuō le hěn duō dōngxi.>
I have bought many Chinese books in China.
我 在 中国 买 了 很 多 中文 书。
<Wǒ zài Zhōngguó mǎi le hěnduō Zhōngwén shū.>
I've bought her a very expensive present.
我 给 她 买 了 很 贵 的 礼物。
<Wǒ gěi tā mǎile hěn guì de lǐwù.>