FINISHED ACTION

 
 
_THIS IS A TESTING BETA VERSION OF THE SITE_
 

I BOUGHT A CAR.

HE SAID THAT…

HE WENT TO CHINA.

Finished action is remotely equivalent to past tense and sometimes present perfect in English.

To indicate that the ACTION is finished, we put /le/ right behind the verb.

ACTIONS are verbs like: TO BUY, TO GO, TO DRINK

ACTIONS aren’t verbs like: TO KNOW, TO WANT, TO FEEL

These are STATES and can’t be “finished”. They remain in the present form.

 
 
 
 

 

BASIC EXAMPLES

He went to China for work.
他 去 了 中国 工作。
<Tā qù le Zhōngguó gōngzuò.>
I only drank four beers.
我 只 喝 了 四 杯 啤酒。
Wǒ zhǐ hēle sì bēi píjiǔ.
How many drinks did you drink?
你 喝 了 几 杯 啤酒?
Nǐ hēle jǐ bēi píjiǔ?
I fell in love with her.
我 爱上 了 她。
<Wǒ àishang le tā.>

 

MORE DIFFICULT SENTENCES

I had a very interesting dream.
我 做 了 很 有意思 的 梦。
Wǒ zuòle hěn yǒuyìsi de mèng.
He gave me a very expensive present.
他 送 了 我 很 贵 的 礼物。
<Tā sòng le wǒ hěn guì de lǐwù.>
I've bought a lot of nice things.
我 买 了 很 多 漂亮 的 东西。
<Wǒ mǎi le hěn duō piàoliang de dōngxi.>
I don’t want (it anymore). I’ve already drunk a lot of beer.
我 不 要 了。我 已经 喝 了 很多 啤酒。
Wǒ bù yào le. Wǒ yǐjīng hē le hěnduō píjiǔ.